Getting ADHD support on Maple is easy
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Frequently Asked Questions
Can I see a Mental Health Physician for ADHD on Maple?
Yes, you can book an “ADHD evaluation” appointment and speak with a mental health physician to determine if you’re eligible for our ADHD service.
If you are eligible, the provider will instruct you on the necessary forms and laboratory tests you’ll need to complete prior to booking your first appointment.
ADHD diagnosis, prescriptions, and treatment requires a comprehensive process to ensure the best outcome for the patient. Therefore, a minimum of three appointments are necessary for a complete assessment. Prescriptions will not be provided during your evaluation visit.
Can I book an ADHD initial assessment without doing an ADHD evaluation appointment?
No, the ADHD evaluation is required to determine if you're eligible for the service, and to provide you with questionnaires and lab work to complete prior to the first visit.
What if I don't live in Quebec?
At the present time, this service is only available in Quebec but we may expand its availability to other provinces.
What is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition. Symptoms appear in childhood and may continue into adulthood. People with ADHD find it difficult to focus attention, regulate impulses, and control the urge to be physically active. Even emotions can be hyper-reactive.
ADHD affects about one in twenty children. Over half still experience symptoms as adults. Adults with ADHD are easily distracted, struggling with mental restlessness, disorganization, and procrastination.
They have difficulty beginning and completing tasks, managing time and controlling behaviours and impulses. Some find it hard to manage their emotions, and may be labelled as “thin- skinned”, “hypersensitive” or “short-fused”.
Individuals with ADHD can be very successful in life. However, without identification and proper treatment, ADHD may have serious consequences, including school failure, family stress and disruption, depression, problems with relationships, substance abuse, delinquency, accidental injuries and job failure. Early identification and treatment are extremely important.
What are the symptoms of ADHD?
Typically, ADHD symptoms arise in early childhood. According to the DSM-5, a diagnostic tool published by the American Psychiatric Association, several symptoms are required to be present before the age of 12.
Many parents report excessive motor activity during the toddler years, but ADHD symptoms can be hard to distinguish from the impulsivity, inattentiveness and active behavior that is typical for kids under the age of four.
In making the diagnosis, children should have six or more symptoms of the disorder present; adolescents 17 and older and adults should have at least five of the symptoms present.
The DSM-5 lists three presentations of ADHD—Predominantly Inattentive, Hyperactive-Impulsive and Combined. The symptoms for each are adapted and summarized below.
ADHD predominantly inattentive presentation
- Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes
- Has difficulty sustaining attention
- Does not appear to listen
- Struggles to follow through with instructions
- Has difficulty with organization
- Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental effort
- Loses things
- Is easily distracted
- Is forgetful in daily activities
ADHD predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation
- Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in chair
- Has difficulty remaining seated
- Runs about or climbs excessively in children; extreme restlessness in adults
- Difficulty engaging in activities quietly
- Acts as if driven by a motor; adults will often feel inside as if they are driven by a motor
- Talks excessively
- Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
- Difficulty waiting or taking turns
- Interrupts or intrudes upon others
ADHD combined presentation
- The individual meets the criteria for both inattention and hyperactive-impulsive ADHD presentations.
These symptoms can change over time, so children may fit different presentations as they get older.
What causes ADHD?
While the exact cause is unknown, ADHD is most often inherited. ADHD can also be caused by traumatic brain injury, lack of oxygen, neurological damage, infection, premature birth or prenatal exposure to substances such as alcohol or nicotine. ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition. It is not caused by poor parenting or psychological stress.
What does treatment for ADHD look like?
Treating ADHD often requires medical, educational, behavioral and psychological intervention. This comprehensive approach to treatment is sometimes called “multimodal” and, depending on the age of the individual with ADHD, may include:
- parent training
- skills training
- behavioural therapy
- educational supports
- education regarding ADHD
Working closely with health care providers and other professionals, treatment should be tailored to the unique needs of each individual and family to help the patient control symptoms, cope with the disorder, improve overall psychological well-being and manage social relationships.
Is ADHD a disability?
Yes, ADHD does qualify as a disability in Canada, provided that the impairment is severe enough. Many cases of ADHD are mild or moderate in nature. Whether or not ADHD qualifies as disabling will depend on how it affects one’s life and the advice of medical professionals.